2017

(a) List five important reasons of relevance of power sharing among the three tiers of Government in Nigeria.

(a) List five important reasons of relevance of power sharing among the three tiers of Government in Nigeria.
Solution & Explanation:
Important reasons of relevance of power sharing among th three tiers of Government in Nigeria;
i. It promotes efficient or proper budgeting and allocation resources
ii. It promotes efficiency in governance
iii. It promotes cooperation among the tiers of government iv. It ensures peace and harmony in society
v. It promotes adherence to the rule of law
vi. The stability of government is guaranteed
vii. It promotes efficient or proper budgeting and allocation resources
viii. It brings government programmes and activities closer to th people

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(a) Give three reasons why public services is important for the effective functioning of government (b) Highlight three ways which the public/civil service commission contributes to the effective operation of public service in Nigeria

(a) Give three reasons why public services is important for the effective functioning of government
(b) Highlight three ways which the public/civil service commission contributes to the effective operation of public service in Nigeria
Solution & Explanation:
(a) Reasons why public service is important for the effective functioning of government
i. Ensures continuity and smooth transition of power from one political regime to another
ii. Conducts research in new area of government policies, programmes and activities
iii. Assists in preparing budget
iv. Implements policies and programmes of government
v. Performs quasi-judiciary function
vi. Provides socials service for the people
vii. Enlightens the public on government policies and programmes
viii. Assists information of policies and programmes of government
ix. Assists the government to mobilize and collect revenue, funds through taxes, rates and levies
x. Carries out delegated legislative functions on delegate legislative functions on behalf of government
(b) Ways which the public/civil service commission contributes t the effective operation of public service in Nigeria
i. Promotion of public servants
ii. Ensuring job security and protection of tenure
iii. Training of public servants for enhanced performance
iv. Monitoring and evaluation of performance of public servants
v. Posting and development of public servants to the appropriate ministries, departments

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(a) List five ways civic education can help eradicate drug addition among youths

(a) List five ways civic education can help eradicate drug addition among youths
Solution & Explanation:
Ways civic education can help eradicate drug addition among youths
i. Through skill acquisition for youths empowerment
ii. Awareness creation about the danger of drug addition
iii. Encouraging youths to be good citizens
iv. By encouraging youths to appreciate the essence of good health and healthy living
v. By discouraging youths necessary skill for self-control and discipline in society
vi. Through knowledge acquisition on safe use of drugs
vii. Through the inculcation and cultivation of right attitudes and values

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Explain at least five of the following pillars of democracy

Explain at least five of the following pillars of democracy
Solution & Explanation:
Explanation of the pillars of democracy
i. Constitution: It is the fundamental laws; rules, regulation and others related elements according to which democratic states are expected to be governed
ii. Free Press: This refers to situation or condition in which media organizations are allowed to perform their functions of informing, educating, entertaining people and scrutinizing government activities without undue censorship for the purpose of good governance in a democracy
iii. Civil Societies: These are private non-profit organizations formed to promote collectively shared values, interests and objectives that are capable of enhancing the general welfare and development of democratic states.
iv. Political Parties: These are organized groups of people who share common ideas with the sole aim of contesting elections to gain and assume political power in a democratic state
v. Armed Forces: These are constitutionally established bodies empowered to protect and defend the territorial integrity of a democratic state against internal insurrection and external aggression. They consist of Army, Airforce and Navy

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(a) List three reasons why cultism constitutes national problems (b) Give five reasons why eradication of cultism in school will promotes national development (c) List two factors hindering the eradication of cultism in Nigeria school

(a) List three reasons why cultism constitutes national problems
(b) Give five reasons why eradication of cultism in school will promotes national development
(c) List two factors hindering the eradication of cultism in Nigeria school
Solution & Explanation:
(a) Reasons why cultism constitutes national problems
i. It leads to increase in drop-out from school and rising unemployment
ii. It leads to loss of lives and properties
iii. It leads to fall in educational standards
iv. It leads to the spread of blood transfusion related diseases such as HIV/AIDS
v. It gives bad images to the society
vi. It breeds irresponsible citizens
vii. It erodes commitment to excellence and hardwork
viii. It increases crime rate in society
ix. It leads to value disorientation and erosion of good values in the society
x. It promotes mediocrity in the national workforce and human capital
(b) Reasons why eradication of cultism in school will promotes national development
i. It promotes positives national values
ii. It will promote the production of experts
iii. It will promote commitment to national development
iv. It encourages responsible citizenship
v. It enhance economic prosperity
(c) Factors hindering the eradication of cultism in Nigeria school:
i. Irresponsible school administration and leadership
ii. Strong commitment to oath of membership by cultists
iii. Involvements of parents in cults activities
iv. Negative peer pressure and influence
v. General economic hardship, poverty in the society
vi. God fatherism and backing of cultist by elites or influential members of society
vii. Ignorance on the part of students, parents and school administrators

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(a) List five functions of the national agency for the prohibition of traffic in persons and other related matter (NAPTIP)

(a) List five functions of the national agency for the prohibition of traffic in persons and other related matter (NAPTIP)

Solution & Explanation:
Functions of the national agency for the prohibition of traffic in persons and other related matter (NAPTIP)
i. To work in collaboration with other agencies or bodies that may ensure elimination and prevention of the root causes of the problem of traffic in person
ii. To enhance effectiveness of law enforcement agents in suppressing trafficking in persons
iii. To investigate and prosecute traffickers
iv. To reinforce and supplement measures in bilateral and multilateral treaties and conventions on traffic in person
v. To coordinate all laws on trafficking in persons and related offences
vi. To adopt measures that will protect witnesses

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(a) What is Responsible parenthood? (b) List four importance of responsible parenthood to national development

(a) What is Responsible parenthood?
(b) List four importance of responsible parenthood to national development
Solution & Explanation:
(a) Meaning of Responsible parenthood; Responsible Parenthood is the act or process of effective discharge of duties and obligations of upbringing, rearing of children and wards by parents and guardian.
(b) Importance of responsible parenthood to national development:
i. It breeds children with good leadership and citizenship qualities
ii. It trains children to be peace loving
iii. It trains children to know their rights and how to secure them
iv. It promotes active participation in community development activities
v. It trains children to uphold law and order i.e rule of law

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(a) what is traffic regulations (b) List six reasons why inspection of vehicle documents is necessary

(a) what is traffic regulations
(b) List six reasons why inspection of vehicle documents is necessary
Solution & Explanation:
(a) Meaning of Traffic regulations; Traffic regulations is a set of rules, guidelines and principles that direct and control vehicular traffic and other road users for effective road use and avoidance of accidents
(b) Reasons why inspection of vehicle documents is necessary;
i. To ascertain the road worthiness of vehicles
ii. To have a better information about holders of drivers license and permit
iii. To ensure the use of standard and proper vehicle parts
iv. To ensure validity of such documents
v. To ensure payments of approved dues by road users
vi. To discourage vehicle theft
vii. To ensure regular and adequate maintenance of vehicles

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(a) what is interpersonal Relationship? (b) List four ways by which acts of kindness can promote interpersonal relationship

CIVIC EDUCATION 2017 WAEC THEORY

(a) what is interpersonal Relationship?
(b) List four ways by which acts of kindness can promote interpersonal relationship
Solution & Explanation:
(a) Meaning of Interpersonal Relationship Interpersonal Relationship: This is a process of interaction between two or more people in society for the promotion of peaceful co-existence and other related benefits.
(b) Ways by which acts of kindness can promote interpersonal relationship:
(i). Overlooking and forgiving misdeeds of others
(ii). Guaranteeing and sustaining relationship
(iii). Showing empathy and compassion towards each other
(iv). Being self-esteemed and recognized
(v). Giving deserved attention to each other

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