Which type of chemical combination involves the transfer of electrons from one atom to another, resulting in the formation of oppositely charged ions?

Which type of chemical combination involves the transfer of electrons from one atom to another, resulting in the formation of oppositely charged ions?
A. Ionic bonding
B. Hydrogen bonding
C. Covalent bonding
D. Metallic bonding

Correct Option: Answer is A
A. Ionic bonding
Ionic bonding: Involves the complete transfer of electrons from one atom (usually a metal) to another atom (usually a non-metal), resulting in the formation of oppositely charged ions. These ions then attract each other electrostatically, forming an ionic compound.
Hydrogen bonding: This is a type of intermolecular force between molecules containing hydrogen bonded to a highly electronegative atom like oxygen, nitrogen, or fluorine. It doesn’t involve the transfer of electrons.
Covalent bonding: This involves the sharing of electrons between two atoms, resulting in a molecule. Electrons don’t completely transfer from one atom to another.
Metallic bonding: This involves the delocalization of electrons throughout a metal lattice, giving metals their unique properties like conductivity and malleability. It doesn’t involve electron transfer between specific atoms.
Therefore, only ionic bonding involves the complete transfer of electrons and formation of oppositely charged ions. The other options mentioned involve different types of interactions between atoms or molecules.

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