Which processes are involved in nutrient cycling in a functioning ecosystem?

Which processes are involved in nutrient cycling in a functioning ecosystem?
A. Erosion, weathering, and sedimentation
B. Decomposition, evaporation, and precipitation
C. Nitrogen fixation, denitrification, and ammonification
D. Respiration, photosynthesis, and transpiration

Correct Option: Answer is C
Nitrogen fixation: This process involves the conversion of atmospheric nitrogen gas (N2) into a usable form, such as ammonium (NH4+), by nitrogen-fixing bacteria or through lightning. This makes nitrogen available for plants and other organisms.

Denitrification: Denitrifying bacteria convert nitrates (NO3-) back into atmospheric nitrogen gas (N2), completing the nitrogen cycle. Denitrification occurs under anaerobic conditions, such as in waterlogged soils or sediments.

Ammonification: Ammonification is the process by which decomposers, like bacteria and fungi, break down organic nitrogen compounds from dead organisms and waste products into ammonium (NH4+). This ammonium can then be used by plants and other organisms.

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