Which of the following is an example of an adaptation for survival in social insects?

Which of the following is an example of an adaptation for survival in social insects?
A. Migration to warmer climates
B. Production of venom for defense
C. Formation of complex caste systems
D. Hibernation during winter months

Correct Option: Answer is C
The most likely example of an adaptation for survival in social insects is:
C. Formation of complex caste systems
Migration to warmer climates (A) and hibernation during winter months (D) are adaptations seen in a wider range of organisms, both solitary and social. While some social insects may exhibit such behaviors, they aren’t exclusive to them.
Production of venom for defense (B) is indeed commonly seen in social insects like wasps and some ants, but it’s also found in many solitary insects. Furthermore, it’s primarily an individual-level adaptation, whereas the question focuses on adaptations benefiting social survival.
Formation of complex caste systems (C) is a defining characteristic of highly eusocial insects like ants, bees, and termites. These systems involve specialized members fulfilling distinct roles within the colony, such as workers, soldiers, queens, and drones. This division of labor allows for efficient resource management, collective defense, and increased offspring production, significantly boosting the colony’s survival and success.
Therefore, considering the emphasis on social survival and its direct link to caste systems, option C stands out as the most fitting example of an adaptation in social insects.

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