21. Which of the following factors usually leads to the collapse of a con-federal state
- A. weak central government
- B. absent of a confederal parliament
- C. ill equipped armed forces
- D. absence of a ceremonial head of state
22. In the presidential system of government, the chief executive is responsible to the?
- A. judiciary
- B. monarch
- C. electorate
- D. senate
23. A federal government is a form of?
- A. decentralization
- B. centralization
- C. confederation
- D. revolution
24. Which of the following alternatives is a feature of a federation
- A. unwritten constitution
- B. unicameral legislature
- C. supremacy of the constitution
- D. right to secede
25. To preserve individual liberties, the judiciary should?
- A. consist of honest and impartial judges
- B. be appointed by the executives
- C. be prosecuted for judgement against the executive
- D. participate in partisan politics
26. Citizens can seek redress against injustice from the state through the?
- A. ombudsman
- B. head of civil service
- C. civil service commission
- D. titular executive
27. Which of these functions is performed by both political parties and pressure groups?
- A. interest aggregation and articulation
- B. source of mediation in a state
- C. provision of specialized information
- D. seeking to manage the affairs of the state
28. Which of these is not a source of revenue for political parties?
- A. dues
- B. grants
- C. tolls
- D. donations
29. Pressure groups seek to influence the polices of government.
- A. to the advantage of their members
- B. so that all citizens can benefit
- C. to suit the manifestos of political parties
- D. to conform with electoral act
30. Which of the following agencies helps the most in shaping public opinion?
- A. pressure groups
- B. mass media
- C. college and universities
- D. peer groups