if I _____ what actually happened, I would have punished him.
A. had heard
B. have had
C. had had
D. have heard
Correct Option: Answer is A
Explanation: In the given sentence, the phrase “if I _____ what actually happened” suggests a hypothetical situation in the past where the speaker did not have knowledge or awareness of what occurred. The sentence then states that if the speaker had heard or known the truth of what happened, they would have punished him.
Option A, “had heard,” is the correct choice because it uses the past perfect tense to indicate a hypothetical past condition. The past perfect tense is used to refer to an action that was completed before another past action or event. In this case, the condition of hearing what actually happened would have been fulfilled before the speaker decided to punish him.