(a) State four preventive measures for HIV/AIDS. (b) Mention three ways by which HIV/AIDS can be managed.

(a) State four preventive measures for HIV/AIDS.
(b) Mention three ways by which HIV/AIDS can be managed.
Solution & Explanation:
(a) Preventive measures for HIV/AIDS
i. Distribution of sterilized needles, syringes and other related equipment to hospitals
ii. Destruction of used needles, syringes and other equipment
iii. Avoiding contact with infected body fluid such as blood
iv. Establishment and operation of drug treatment facilities
v. Establishment of mobile outreach centres for the most at risk populations/vulnerable people
vi. Encouraging faithfulness to one’s spouse
vii. Pregnant women should be tested for HIV/AIDS and treated if necessary to avoid mother to child transmission
viii. Treatment of opportunistic infections e.g. STIs
ix. Referral for drug treatment/Anti Retroviral Therapy (VCT)/ knowing one’s HIV/AIDS status
x. Creating awareness about other means of transmitting HIV/AIDS
(b) Ways of managing HIV/AIDS
i. Taking the recommended Anti-Retroviral Therapy (ART) as at and when due
ii. Eating balanced diet
iii. Discouraging stigmatization of people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHAS)
iv. Giving employment to people living with HIV/AIDS (PLWHAS)
v. Creating awareness on the management of HIV/AIDS through the mass media

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