(a) Explain any three pillars of democracy from the list below:
(i) independent judiciary
(ii) the military
(iii) political parties
(iv) civil society organizations
(v) free and independent press
(b) Highlight three reasons why competition for political power among politicians if fierce in Nigeria.
Solution & Explanation:
(a)i.Independent Judiciary is the absolute freedom of the judiciary to administer justice without interference from any external body such as executive, legislature, civil societies.
ii. The military which consist of the army, air-force and navy are empowered by the constitution to protect/defend the territorial integrity of a democratic state against internal insurrection and external aggression.
iii. Political parties are organized group of people who have the same political opinion, interest and beliefs with the sole aim of contesting elections in other to gain political power and sustain the interest of the masses in a democratic state.
iv. Civil society organizations refers to non-profit and non-governmental organizations formed for the purpose of promoting and protecting the interest of the people as well as mobilizing them for participation in the governance and development of the society.
V. Free and independent press is the freedom of the media to act as watchdogs of democracy, highlighting democratic deficits, demanding accountability as well as informing, educating and entertaining people without undue censorship for the purpose of good governance in a democracy.
(b)i.Selfish interest of politicians
ii. High premium/lucrative nature of politics in Nigeria
iii. Nature and character of the Nigerian political class
iv. Volatile political environment .
v.Immunity law enjoyed by some politicians