Easy Approaches on How to Answer English Language Questions in WAEC 2021

 How to Answer English Language Questions in WAEC 2021. This article intends to educate candidates in secondary schools, especially students from West African countries where West Africa Examination Council, WAEC are conducted. Syllabus from WAEC will be our guide and references will be drawn from a lot of English Language study texts. So, let’s get started.

According to English Language syllabus, scheme of examination on the subject matter are as follow:

There will be three papers – Papers 1, 2 and 3, all of which must be taken. Papers 1 and 2 will be a composite paper to be taken at one sitting.

 

WASSCE for Private Candidates Registration First Series 2021

PAPER 1

 Will consist of eighty multiple choice questions, all of which should be answered within 1 hour for 40 marks.

PAPER 2:   

 Will consist of five essay topics and a passage each to test candidates’ comprehension and summary skills. Candidates will be expected to write an essay on one of the topics and answer all the questions on the comprehension and summary passages. The paper will last 2 hours and carry 100 marks.

PAPER 3:   

Will consist of sixty multiple choice items on Test of Orals for candidates in Nigeria and Liberia, and Listening Comprehension Test for candidates in the Gambia and Sierra Leone. All the questions should be answered in 45 minutes for 30 marks.

From the scheme of examination on English Language above, PAPER 2 carries 100 marks being the highest, that is approximately 59% of the total marks on English Language, I am not saying priority should be given to PAPER 2 only but adequate attention is mandatory on PAPER 2 if you really want to score at least C.

Let’s breakdown all PAPERS extensively,

PAPER 1: It comprise objective/multiple choice paper comprising eighty questions: forty lexical and forty structural questions. Each question will have four options lettered A to D. Below are excerpt from WAEC syllabus for English Language

LEXIS

In addition to items testing knowledge of the vocabulary of everyday usage (i.e home, social relationships,  and common core school subjects) questions will be set to test candidates’ ability in the use of the general vocabulary associated with the following fields of human activity:

  1.       (a) Building and Building  Construction;

(b) Agriculture;

(c)  Fishing;

(d) Stock exchange;

(e)  Health;

(f)  Environment;

(g) Culture, Institutions and Ceremonies;

(h) Law and Order;

(i)  Motor Vehicles and Travelling;

(j)  Government and Administration;

(k) Sports;

(l)  Religion;

(m) Science and Technology;

(n) Animal husbandry;

(o) Advertising;

(p) Human Internal Body system and function.

  1. Idioms, i.e. idiomatic expressions and collocations (e.g. ‘hook, line and sinker’, ‘every Tom, Dick and Harry” etc.) the total meaning of which cannot be arrived at simply by consideration of the dictionary meanings of the words in the structures in which they appear.

III.       Structural elements of English e.g. sequence of tenses, matching of pronouns with their antecedents, correct use of prepositions etc.

  1. Figurative Usage

            The term ‘general’ vocabulary refers to those words and usage of words normally associated with the fields of human activity in A1 above which are generally known, used and understood by most educated people who, while not engaged in that field of activity may have occasion to read, speak or write about it. Thus, for example, in the vocabulary of transportation by road, one would expect knowledge of terms such as ‘pedestrian bridge’ and ‘traffic signs’ which most educated people understand, but not ‘berm’ or ‘camber’ which are specialized.

            All items will be phrased in such a way as to test the use and understanding of the required lexis, rather than dictionary definitions and explanations. In practice, the test of lexis will be so designed as to explore, not merely the extent of the candidates’ vocabulary but more importantly their ability to respond to sense relations in the use of lexical items e.g. synonyms, antonyms and homonyms.

            In the test of figurative language, candidates will be expected to recognize when an expression is used figuratively and not only when it is used literally.

STRUCTURE

Structure here includes:

  • The patterns of changes in word-forms which indicate number, tense, degree, etc;
  • The patterns in which different categories of words regularly combine to form groups and these groups in turn combine to form sentences;
  • The use of structural words e.g. conjunctions, determiners, prepositions, etc.
Recommended Textbook for English Language
  1. MacMillan Brilliant English for Senior Secondary Schools
  2. Exam Focus English for WASSCE & SSCE
  3. Essential English by Ibitola A. O
  4. ‘A’-One English, A Complete GCE/SSCE Text

Especially ‘A’-One English is my favorite, I strongly advice every candidate to purchase this text, it simply explains every topics, terms, and techniques used in English Language concisely and precisely with couples of illustrations.

PAPER 2 carries majority of the total marks, 100 marks, approximately 59% of the entire marks. It is recommended for every candidate to give adequate attention to PAPER 2, more explanations on paper 2 will be discussed; below are excerpt from the WAEC syllsbus

PAPER 2:

The paper will be divided into three sections: Sections A, B and C. Candidates will be required to spend 2 hours on this paper.                      

SECTION A: ESSAY WRITING      (50 marks)

Candidates will be required to spend 50 minutes on this section. There will be five questions in all and candidates will be required to answer only one question.

The questions will test candidates’ ability to communicate in writing. The topics will demand the following kinds of writing:

  • letter;
  • speech;
  • narration;
  • description;
  • argument/debate;
  • report;
  • article;
  • exposition;
  • creative writing.

Marks will be awarded for:

  • Content: relevance of ideas to the topic;
  • Organization: formal features (where applicable), good paragraphing, appropriate emphasis and arrangement of ideas;
  • Expression: effective control of vocabulary and sentence structure;
  • Mechanical Accuracy: correct grammar, punctuation, spelling etc.

The minimum length will be 450 words.

SECTION B:        COMPREHENSION (20 marks) 

Candidates will be required to spend 30 minutes on this section. The section will consist of one passage of at least three hundred and fifty (350) words. Candidates will be required to answer all the questions on the passage. 

The questions will test candidates’ ability to

  • find appropriate equivalents for selected words or phrases;
  • understand the factual content;
  • make inferences from the content of the passage;
  • understand the use of English expressions that reveal/reflect sentiments/emotions/attitudes;
  • identify and label basic grammatical structures, words, phrases or clauses and explain their functions as they appear in the context;
  • identify and explain basic literary terms and expressions;
  • recast phrases or sentences into grammatical alternatives.

The passage will be chosen from a wide variety of sources all of which should be suitable for this level of examination in terms of theme and interest. The passage will be written in modern English that should be within the experience of candidates. The comprehension test will include at least four questions based on (ii) above.

SECTION C:        SUMMARY    (30 marks)

Candidates will be required to spend 40 minutes on this section. The section will consist of one prose passage of about five hundred (500) words and will test candidates’ ability to

  • extract relevant information;
  • summarize the points demanded in clear concise English, avoiding repetition and redundancy;
  • present a summary of specific aspects or portions of the passage.

The passage will be selected from a wide variety of suitable sources, including excerpts from narratives, dialogues and expositions of social, cultural, economic and political issues in any part of the world.

How to Answer English Language Questions in WAEC 2021
WASSCE for Private Candidates Registration First Series 2021
Explanation on Section A:

Section A comprise essay writing which carries 50 marks out of the 100 marks in paper 2, so it should be taken seriously. You will be required to write an essay on any of the following category:

  • letter;
  • speech;
  • narration;
  • description;
  •  argument/debate;
  • report;
  • article;
  • exposition;
  • creative writing

My advice and opinion on these, practice thoroughly any 2 to 3 of the categories above, preferably, letter writing. Why letter writing? It is the easiest essay to answer. Letter writing has simple format, and it is straight forward question whether is formal, semi-formal or informal.

Example 1:

Write a letter to the head of a university advising him and the university council to create more admission chances for science and technology candidates than for humanities.

This is formal letter; Here is my solution: Requirements

  • 2 addresses, yours at the right corner, the receiver is below at left corner
  • it requires a TOPIC
  • Next Dear Sir/Madam,
  • At the, use “Yours faithfully” follow by signature, surname and first name

       My full Address

                                                                                              An date with appropriate punctuation,

                                                                                  Plot 234, Readington Avenue,

                                                                                    Off Meritsphere Solution Road,

                                                                                   Lekki-Epe Expressway, Lagos.

                                                             21st    June, 2020.

The post or title of the 

Name of the school,

Location.

Dear Sir,

The Vice-Chancellor,

University of Lagos,

Akoka.

Dear Sir

(Leave a blank line then write your title of the letter below)

More Admission Chances For Science And Technology Candidates

Letter or essay writing comprises main 3 part:

The Introduction, (1 paragraph)

The Body ( at least 3 paragraphs)

And Conclusion. (1 paragragh)                                                                      Yours faithfully,

                                                                                                                                   Signature

                                                                                                                                   Musah, Adewale (Mr)

Please pickup a ‘A’-English by DELE ASHADE to learn this in detail

Explanation

SECTION B:       COMPREHENSION (20 marks)

Candidates will be required to spend 30 minutes on this section. The section will consist of one passage of at least three hundred and fifty (350) words. Candidates will be required to answer all the questions on the passage.

The questions will test candidates’ ability to

  • find appropriate equivalents for selected words or phrases;
  • understand the factual content;
  • make inferences from the content of the passage;
  • understand the use of English expressions that reveal/reflect sentiments/emotions/attitudes;
  • identify and label basic grammatical structures, words, phrases or clauses and explain their functions as they appear in the context;
  • identify and explain basic literary terms and expressions;
  • recast phrases or sentences into grammatical alternatives.

The passage will be chosen from a wide variety of sources all of which should be suitable for this level of examination in terms of theme and interest. The passage will be written in modern English that should be within the experience of candidates. The comprehension test will include at least four questions based on (ii) above.

Explanation on Section B: Comprehension Techniques.
  • Read the passage as fast as possible.
  • Get involved with the paragraph to understand it.
  • Underline important lines or parts of the passage to answer the questions. It will also help to understand the main idea of the passage or the tone or mood of the author.
  • Try to translate a complex line in an easy one in your own words and your own language. This will help you in analyzing the main idea of the paragraph and in seeking the cause and effects of the passage.
  • Underline or mark the keywords. These will help you to discover the logical connections in the passage and help in understanding it better.
  • Try to understand some certain unfamiliar words by reading the line thoroughly. The theme of the line will make you understand the meaning of the words.
  • Determine the main idea, tone or mood, inferential reasoning, and other details from the paragraph.
  • Do not assume anything based on your personal belief.
  • Look back at the paragraph when in doubt.
  • Read the questions and all the alternative provided and choose the most appropriate one. (Adapted from toppr.com)

Quotational & Figures of Speech Questions

qut

Easy Approaches on How to Answer English Language Questions in WAEC 4 5 6 7 8 9

 

Adapted from TammysEnglishblog

More lessons on Grammatical names and functions
0 0 votes
Article Rating
Share This:
Subscribe
Notify of
guest
1 Comment
Oldest
Newest Most Voted
Inline Feedbacks
View all comments
Yano
Yano
8 months ago

Thank you for the past questions 😃

1
0
Would love your thoughts, please comment.x
()
x
Scroll to Top

join

naijavarcity

Subscribe to our mailing list and get latest school news